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More than 100 countries join pact to slash planet-warming methane emissions | News24

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  • Greater than 100 nations joined the US and EU effort to chop fuel methane emissions by 30%.
  • Methane is the primary greenhouse fuel after carbon dioxide.
  • Brazil – one of many largest emitters of methane – was one of many signatories.

Greater than 100 nations have joined a US- and EU-led effort to slash emissions of the potent greenhouse fuel methane by 30% by 2030 from 2020 ranges, an initiative aimed toward tackling one of many primary causes of local weather change.

Methane is the primary greenhouse fuel after carbon dioxide. It has the next heat-trapping potential than CO2 however breaks down within the ambiance quicker – that means that chopping methane emissions can have a speedy impression in reining in world warming.

The World Methane Pledge, launched on the COP26 summit in Glasgow on Tuesday after being introduced in September, now covers nations representing practically half of worldwide methane emissions and 70% of worldwide GDP, US President Joe Biden mentioned.

“Collectively, we’re committing to collectively scale back our methane by 30% by 2030. And I believe we will in all probability transcend that,” Biden mentioned on the COP26 summit in Glasgow, Scotland.

“It should increase our economies, saving corporations cash, decreasing methane leaks, capturing methane to show it into new income streams, in addition to creating good paying union jobs for our employees.”

Among the many new signatories was Brazil – one of many world’s 5 largest emitters of methane.

China, Russia and India, additionally top-five methane emitters, haven’t signed on to the pledge. These nations have been all included on an inventory recognized as targets to affix the pledge, first reported by Reuters.

European Fee President Ursula von der Leyen mentioned:

Methane is without doubt one of the gases we will minimize quickest. Doing that may instantly decelerate local weather change.

Widening the pact

Because it was first introduced in September with a handful of signatories, america and European Union have labored to get the world’s largest methane emitters to affix the partnership.

There have been roughly 60 nations signed up solely final week, after a closing diplomatic push from america and EU forward of the COP26 summit.

Whereas it’s not a part of the formal UN negotiations, the methane pledge may rank among the many most important outcomes from the COP26 convention, given its potential impression in holding off disastrous local weather change.

A UN report in Might mentioned steep cuts in methane emissions this decade may keep away from practically 0.3 diploma Celsius of worldwide warming by the 2040s. Failing to sort out methane, nonetheless, would push out of attain the 2015 Paris Settlement’s goal to restrict the worldwide rise in temperature to 1.5°C above pre-industrial ranges and keep away from the worst impacts of local weather change.

The 30% methane minimize, which isn’t legally binding, can be collectively achieved by the signatories, and canopy all sectors. Key sources of methane emissions embody leaky oil and fuel infrastructure, previous coal mines, agriculture and landfill websites.

If fulfilled, the pledge is prone to have the largest impression on the power sector, since analysts say fixing leaky oil and fuel infrastructure is the quickest and most cost-effective approach to curb methane emissions.

The USA is the world’s largest oil and pure fuel producer, whereas the EU is the largest importer of fuel.

The USA on Tuesday unveiled its personal sweeping proposal to crack down on methane emissions with a concentrate on the oil and fuel sector.

The principle regulation may take impact as quickly as 2023 and slash methane from oil and fuel operations by 74% from 2005 ranges by 2035, in line with the US Environmental Safety Company.

The EU and Canada each plan to unveil methane laws addressing the power sector later this yr.

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